China-Brazil High-level Dialogue on S&T and Innovation was held in Beijjing Diaoyutai State Guesthouse on April 12, 2011. IRSA Director-General GU Xingfa, as an expert of China’s space technology, attended this Dialogue and delivered a report titled “China’s remote sensing applications and its partnership with Brazil”.
This dialogue was organized by Ministry of Science and Technology of China, in partnership with Ministry of Science and Technology of Brazil and Embassy of Brazil in China. Its opening ceremony brought together the guests including Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, ministerial officials of both sides, and over 60 well-known scientists and enterprise delegates from both countries.
The dialogue centered on bilateral S&T partnership and innovation, with an emphasis on six priority areas including renewable energy resources, nanoscience, information technology, agricultural and food security, space technology, and innovation policies.
China and Brazil partnership in space technology could trace back to 1988, when a joint committee for the construction, launching and operation of satellites under the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) Program was underway. At the initial phase (1988-2003), two satellites, CBERS-1 and CBERS-2, had been sent into space. In 2002, the two countries signed a new protocol of cooperation, starting the second phase of the partnership. In September 2007, CBERS-2B was launched to maintain the supply of images in the period of time between the end of CBERS-2 operation and the launching of CBERS-3. At 2007 Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Summit in Cape Town, Brazil and China launched the CBERS for Africa initiative to share CBERS imagery in all Africa. At 2010 GEO Beijing Summit, Brazil and China signed an update of the CBERS data policy that sets up the principle of free and open access to CBERS data to all developing nations.
Prof. GU’s report demonstrates the development of China’s remote sensing technology, especially its earth observation applications system, a national major program which IRSA is participating. As an active player in China’s burgeoning space technology, IRSA is eager to seize this opportunity provided by the dialogue, deepening its partnership with Brazil after signing a Memorandum of Cooperation between IRSA and Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE) in September 2010.